There are 4 different electric vehicle charging modes.
eMobility is a fast-growing market. More and more EVs are taking over our streets and because of that electric vehicle charging infrastructure is also expanding. Furthermore, charging speed options come with higher mode number.
Mode 1 (Schuko mode) refers to the charging household outlet with a simple extender cable without any safety devices in between. This mode is very unpopular and mass manufacturers no longer use it, as the lead is always live. Mode 1 is dangerous and also charges the battery very slow (from 0 to 100% is near 40-60 hours).
Mode 2 is also known as a portable electric vehicle charger. This mode supports charging from Schuko and CEE sockets. The build in charger inside the car converts AC* to DC** and controls the battery charging. In addition, we can plug this electric vehicle charging mode lead into a standard outlet (usually 15A-16Α) and requires 14-16 hours of charging for a full battery capacity. Depending on the size of the battery.
Learn more about EV charging time.
It’s a fixed point AC charger for residential or light commercial use. This mode 3 can be used in 2 ways. For example, a charging cable can be directly attachable to the charging unit or it can be a detachable cable that you can carry in the vehicle and then plug it into the charging unit. Using mode 3 the battery will charge in 4-9 hours.
Mode 4-fixed point DC charger. In other words ‘fast-charger’, mode 4 is the fastest way to charge your electric vehicle. Fast charging stations are very pricey, which is why they are often public. Also not all-electric cars endorse it. This mode charges the car to 80% in 1 hour.
In conclusion, we can say that the fastest way to charge our EVs now is using mode 4 ( DC Supercharger). But despite that, in our future we will see more and more different electric vehicle charging modes like wireless charging, which will fasten our charging time even more.
*AC – alternating current
**DC – direct current